Software Configuration Management

SCM defines a mechanism to deal with different technical difficulties of a project plan. In a software organization, effective implementation of software configuration management can improve productivity by increased coordination among the programmers in a team. SCM helps to eliminate the confusion often caused by miscommunication among team members. The SCM system controls the basic components such as software objects, program code, test data, test output, design documents, and user manuals.

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Software configuration management helps to identify and track changes in code, helping you build code that can be easily managed.Software configuration management helps engineers identify and track changes in configurations and allows them to select their baselines.

SCM, or software control management, is the process of controlling changes to large, complex software systems. The changes are controlled by reliable selection and version control.

Importance of SCM

  • It is useful for regulating and regulating access to different SCIs, such as blocking two staff members from taking out a certain component for alteration simultaneously period.
  • It provides a tool for ensuring that modifications are implemented correctly.
  • It is capable of describing and maintaining the many components of software.
  • SCM is used to maintain a process group by continuously generating modified versions when a component is modified.

SCM Process

SCM is a software development process that involves the project manager, developers, configuration manager, product owner and testers. They track, change and manage software changes over time.

  • Process of Planning and Identification
  • Baselines or the Version Control Process
  • Change Management Process
  • Process for Configuration Release
  • Auditing Process for Configuration
  • Process of review and status reporting
  1. Process of Planning and IdentificationIt is the first step in the SCM process of planning for the development of an application and identifies configuration items as per the scope of a project. Kick-off meetings or meetings to welcome change requests are the basic criteria of this process. The SCM PM Plan is input for this process and its approval is the exit criteria.
  2. Baselines or the Version Control ProcessThe scope of the project changes, so the proposal is constantly getting updated. A baseline is the marker for a particular iteration or version of a software product which serves as a starting point to help keep track of different versions.
  3. Change Management ProcessA team will analyze and address a change request from a client. If the change is approved, the customer will provide all required information and the application will be updated after development.
  4. Process for Configuration ReleaseA project plan is followed so that the software will develop as the developers have planned. The software release notes document the changes to a working version and identify any bugs, thereby providing a correct feedback for subsequent versions.
  5. Auditing Process for ConfigurationFor many companies, it is important to verify the software product per their baselines and specifications. I do this either via a function requirement audit or a physical audit of the software application.
  6. Process of review and status reportingIt is a technical review process to make sure the software development life cycle process is complete with proper documentation. It is done in multiple phases, first going over the application workflow, then the process, configuration items and change requests. This includes generating relevant documents for the application like installation processes, release notes or guidelines for what to do and not do.


  • Less wasted work.
  • Proper management of concurrent changes.
  • Prevents setup issues.
  • Improves in collaboration and teamwork.
  • Assists in construction projects by managing construction tools.


  • It requires appropriate resources who are well-versed in software quality assurance tools.
  • Working with the configuration management procedure requires more resources in small enterprises.
  • The stages of development necessitate an accordance with best practice desktop/laptop.


Q1. What do you mean by software configuration items?

A configuration item (CI) has been any service component, network part, or other thing that must be controlled in order for services to be delivered successfully. A categorization or category of something that reflects its nature.

Q2. What are the essential elements of configuration management?

The configuration management procedure consists of five key steps:

  • Developing the configuration management strategy. The plan is created as the initial step in the configuration management process.
  • Determining configuration needs
  • Record modifications.
  • Configuration monitoring
  • Checking for compatibility to setup criteria.

Q3. What exactly is configuration management and what are its primary stages?

Configuration management is the process of keeping computer systems, servers, and applications in the expected and consistent condition. It’s a method of ensuring that a system continues to work as intended while modifications are introduced over time.

Q4. What is the definition of configuration management functions?

The technical and organizational operations involved in the creation, modification, managed change, and quality standards of the scope of work are referred to as configuration management.

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