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    HTML Introduction

    HTML is an abbreviation for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML is the fundamental building component of the World Wide Web.

    Hypertext is text shown on a computer or other electronic device which contains references to other material that the user may access quickly, generally with a mouse click or key press.

    Hypertext may also include tables, menus, forms, graphics, and other presentational features in addition to text. It is a simple and adaptable format for sharing information over the internet.

    Markup languages employ collections of markup tags to characterize text components inside a document, giving web browsers information on how the page should appear.

    History

    HTML was first created in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee. He is also known as the “Father of the Web.” The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) took over responsibility for maintaining HTML guidelines in 1996. HTML was also recognized as an international standard (ISO) in 2000. HTML5 is the most recent HTML version. HTML5 allows for quicker and more sophisticated web development.

    HTML Example

    < !DOCTYPE>  
    < html>  
    < head>  
    < title> Title of the WebPage< /title>  
    < /head>  
    < body>  
    < h1>Heading 1< /h1>  
    < p>Paragraph 1.< /p>  
    < /body>  	
    < /html>  
    

    Explanation of code

    We may be thinking what that coding is really about. So, let us find out.

    • The document type is declared in the first line, < !DOCTYPE html>. It informs the web browser that it is an HTML5 content. It is not case sensitive.
    • The < head> section is a framework for tags that offer details about the document, such as the < title> tag, which specifies the document’s title.
    • The < body> element includes the actual content of the page (paragraphs, links, pictures, tables, and so on) that is rendered and shown to the user by the web browser.

    Note:

    A DOCTYPE declaration appears at the beginning of a web page before any other components, but it is not an HTML tag in and of itself. To ensure that the pages are shown appropriately, every HTML document contains a document type declaration.

    HTML Tags

    A DOCTYPE declaration appears at the beginning of a web page before any other components, but it is not an HTML tag in and of itself. To ensure that the pages are shown appropriately, every HTML document contains a document type declaration.

    HTML is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of markup tags. These markup tags are the fundamental characteristic of HTML. Every markup tag is composed of a keyword, surrounded by angle brackets, such as < html>, < head>, < body>, < title>, < p>, and so on.

    HTML tags normally come in pairs like < html> and < /html>. The first tag in a pair is often called the opening tag (or start tag), and the second tag is called the closing tag (or end tag).

    An opening tag and a closing tag are identical, except a slash (/) after the opening angle bracket of the closing tag, to tell the browser that the command has been completed.

    HTML Element Syntax

    An HTML element is a feature of an HTML document that stands alone. It suggests metaphysics, or meaning. The title component, for example, specifies the document’s title.

    The majority of HTML components have a start tag (or opening tag) as well as an end tag (or closing tag), with contents in between. Elements can also have attributes that determine their extra characteristics.

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