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    CSS Introduction

    CSS was created in 1996 by the W3C (World Wide Web Team) for a very simple reason. The HTML element was just not intended to have tags which would aid in page formatting. You were only supposed to write the web page markup.


    CSS is a stands for Cascading Style Sheets. CSS is a style sheet language that is used to describe the demonstration (i.e. the layout and formatting) of web pages. CSS is the most important presentational technique used in website design.

    Before to CSS, well almost all of the declarative characteristics of Html files were required to be expressly characterized within the HTML markup (specifically, within the HTML tags); all font colours, background styles, element alignments, borders, and sizes had to be explicitly described within the HTML.

    As a result, developing large websites became a time-consuming and costly process, as style information was repeatedly added to each and every page of the website.

    To address this issue The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) launched CSS in 1996 and continues to maintain its standard. CSS was created to allow for the separation of presentation and content. Website designers nowadays can move the structure and quality for web pages to a separate style sheet, resulting in significantly simpler HTML markup and improved maintainability.

    CSS3 is the most recent CSS specification. CSS3 introduces several new styling features and enhancements to improve web presentation capabilities.

    Features of CSS

    There are lot more things you can do with CSS.

    • We can easily apply same style rules on multiple elements.
    • We can control the presentation of multiple pages of a website with a single style sheet.
    • We can present the same page differently on different devices.
    • We can style dynamic states of elements such as hover, focus, etc. that isn’t possible otherwise.
    • We can change the position of an element on a web page without changing the markup.
    • We can alter the display of existing HTML elements.
    • We can transform elements like scale, rotate, skew, etc. in 2D or 3D space.
    • We can create animations and transitions effects without using any JavaScript.
    • We can create print friendly version of your web pages.

    Advantages of Using CSS

    The most significant advantage of CSS is that makes it possible for the separation of style and design from document content. Here are some additional benefits:

    • CSS Saves Time —

      CSS provides a great deal of flexibility in defining an element’s style properties. CSS can be written one time and then implemented to groups of HTML elements, as well as reused across multiple HTML pages.

    • Simple Maintenance —

      CSS makes it simple to update document formatting and maintain continuity throughout multiple documents. So because complete package of web pages’ material could be easily managed using one or more configuration files.

    • Pages Load Faster —

      CSS allows multiple webpage to share sample in terms, reducing complexity and memorization in the conceptual contents of the documents. It actually reduces data transfer size, resulting in faster website loading.

    • Superior Styles to HTML —

      CSS has much broader presentation skills than HTML and provides much effective performance over the layout of the web pages. As a result, you can give your web pages a far better appearance than HTML presentational attributes and components.

    • Multiple Device Compatibility —

      CSS also allows web pages to be enhanced for much more than one type of device or media. The same HTML document can be presented in various viewing designs for distinct rendering devices, such as desktops, cell phones, and so on, using CSS.


    CSS specifications

    All web standards methods (HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and so on) are classified in massive documents known as specifications (or “specs”), which have been posted by standards organizations (such as the W3C, WHATWG, ECMA, or Khronos) and specify exactly how those technologies are supposed to behave.

    CSS is no exception; it is developed by the CSS Working Group within the W3C. This group consists of representatives from browser vendors and other companies interested in CSS. Other people, known as invited experts, act as independent voices; they are not affiliated with a member organization.

    The CSS Working Group creates or specifies new CSS features, sometimes because a specific browser is interested in having a feature, sometimes because web designers and developers request a feature, and sometimes because the Working Group has identified a need. CSS is constantly evolving, with new features being added. However, one important aspect of CSS is that everyone works very hard to never change things in such a way that they break old websites. A website built in 2000 with the limited CSS available at the time should still work in a browser today!


    Q1. What Does CSS Mean?

    CSS, which stands for Cascading Style Sheet, is a programming language that, along with HTML, is used to specify the skill of a website.

    Q2. Why Is CSS Used?

    CSS is used to instruct a web browser on how to display a specific website. It cannot be used to create new page elements, but it can style HTML elements.

    Q3. What Are the Different Types of CSS?

    CSS is classified into three types: inline CSS, internal or embedded CSS, and external CSS.

    Q4. What Is the Difference Between HTML and CSS?

    HTML is a markup programming language used to develop static websites. CSS, on the other hand, is a scripting language that is used to define the appearance and style of various files and page elements in a markup language such as HTML.

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