History of C
C programming language is developed by the Dennis M. Ritchie in 1972 at Bell laboratories. It is a simple and structured oriented programming language standardized by the ANSI (American National Standard Institute) in 1988 and known as ANSI-C language. It is used create the UNIX operating system and many other systems as per the requirement.
The ISO standardized C language in 2000, and that version is called a C-99 programming language. It is one of the most common computer programming languages with high-level abstraction and machine-independent structures. This language is also associated with UNIX, which is the most popular network operating system to the computers.
Figure: History of C.
The C programming language is generated from the three different languages, which are ALGOL, BCPL, and B language. C programming language uses various technical concepts from these languages and introduce us to many technologies like data types, struct, and pointer.
C Programming Applications
The C language is mainly used for the development process of any software. This programming language is primarily used to develop the desktop applications and system software for various purpose.
The C programming applications are not restricted to developing several operating systems such as Windows and Linux etc. Some important applications of the C language are given below:
C programming language is extremely portable which primarily used for scripting the system applications that form the main portions of Windows, UNIX, and LINUX operating systems. The C is also an general-purpose language which can efficiently work on enterprise applications, games, graphics, and applications for different purpose.
Utilities of application
We have a rich library in C language that provides several built-in functions. This language also provides dynamic memory allocation, which is used in the utilities of the application.
The Embedded C language is mainly used in the development of micro- controller-based applications. Embedded is also an extension of C programming language, which includes different features like addressing I/O, fixed-point arithmetic and multiple memory addressing for various purposes.
C and C++ are the most common languages which are used in scientific systems. The astronomy utilities of GNU are completely written in C programming language. This C language contains simplicity, portability, and speed efficiency, which are very important in any scientific software.
The C programming language is not only used for developing the operating systems and kernels. It can also be used to code the microcontrollers in different computer keyboards, monitors, printers, copiers, and fax machines etc. The memory management of this language makes it more attractive because the user can allocate and deallocate the memory in a static and dynamic way as per the requirements.
Assemblers as C application
Assembler is a kind of program which converts assembly language into machine language for the further process. The assembler takes basic commands operations from the assembly code and transfers that code into the form of binary code, which can be documented by the specific type of processor. The assemblers can produce executable code just like compilers.
Text Editors as application of C programming language
The text editor is a kind of program which is used for editing plain text files as per the requirements. It can permit the user to generate and edit the range of programming language files within the application.
Spooling is the specialized form of multi-programming for copying the information in between different devices. Print spooler is the software built into the Windows operating system which briefly stores the print task in the memory of the computer system until the printer is ready to print it.
Most drivers are written by C programming language because this language can easily write kernels. Device drivers can also be written in C language or a restricted subset of C++, which provides additional safety features.
The C programming language is also most popular to create and design the compilers which are used for other various modern programming languages.
C language in Databases
C programming language is also used for data connectivity in the database to use the information. The data connectivity is the facility to connect the clients and servers. It is mainly used to secure the transformation of huge data between client and server.
Several languages are implemented by using both compilers and interpreters containing C, Lisp, and Pascal. These all languages are compiled into the bytecode because these all are virtual machine friendly interpreted language.
Figure: Applications of C language.
The C language is used as the general-purpose language in the modern world just because of its popularity with programmers and learners. Many programmers switch to the C language because of its portable feature, which provides a standard code of C programs. The C language is also very useful as a fundamental reason and problem-solving capabilities of the computer system.